Study on Stress Field and Seismogenic Fault in Menyuan Area
The determination of stress field and fault geometry is an important basis for earthquake dynamics. In order to determine the stress field and fault geometry in Mengyuan region, where occurred an MS6.9 earthquake on Jan 8, 2022, by using focal mechanism, firstly, focal mechanisms were collected from 1927 to 2022 in Menyuan region of Qinghai Province. For multiple focal mechanisms of the same earthquake, the central focal mechanism solution was as the focal mechanism of the earthquake, and used as the basic data for solving the stress field and fault geometry. Then cluster analysis was carried out with the focal mechanism node data, to obtain the possible fault plane shape of the seismic sequence, and solve the tectonic stress field in the study area. Finally, the slip angle was estimated by projecting the tectonic stress field onto the fault plane, and the relationship between the stress field and the seismogenic fault was simulated. The results showed that the overall strike and dip angle of the Mengyuan earthquake sequence are 103.19° and 72.44°, respectively, which were consistent with the azimuth of the Lenglongling fault from field geological survey. The azimuth and plunge of the compressional, tensional axes of the tectonic stress field in the study region were 242.37°, 0.93°, 334.79°, and 68.98°, respectively. It could be explained that the NE spreading in northeastern margin of the Tibet block was blocked by the stable Alxa Block, resulting in a thrust and strike-slip fault system in the study region. By projecting the stress field onto the fault plane of the earthquake sequence, the slip angle of the fault was estimated as 50.68°, the relative shear stress and normal stress were 0.822 and -0.077, respectively, which indicated that the Menyuan area had a large shear stress and a weak compression state on the steeper NWW—SEE fault under the NE-trending compressive stress of the Tibet and Alxa Massifs.